The global dating revolution
"Among the most conspicuous of the revolutions which opinions on this subject have undergone, is the transition from an implicit trust in the internal powers of man's mind to a professed dependence upon external observation; and from an unbounded reverence for the wisdom of the past, to a fervid expectation of change and improvement.""A new view of nature emerged, replacing the Greek view that had dominated science for almost 2,000 years.
Science became an autonomous discipline, distinct from both philosophy and technology and came to be regarded as having utilitarian goals." The Scientific Revolution is traditionally assumed to start with the Copernican Revolution (initiated in 1543) and to be complete in the "grand synthesis" of Isaac Newton's 1687 Principia.
The work formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation thereby completing the synthesis of a new cosmology.
The word was also used in the preface to Lavoisier's 1789 work announcing the discovery of oxygen.
Much of the change of attitude came from Francis Bacon whose "confident and emphatic announcement" in the modern progress of science inspired the creation of scientific societies such as the Royal Society, and Galileo who championed Copernicus and developed the science of motion.
In the 20th century, Alexandre Koyré introduced the term "scientific revolution", centering his analysis on Galileo.
Meanwhile, however, significant progress in geometry, mathematics, and astronomy was made in medieval times.(Since the 19th century, scientific knowledge has been assimilated by the rest of the world).Since that revolution turned the authority in English not only of the Middle Ages but of the ancient world—since it started not only in the eclipse of scholastic philosophy but in the destruction of Aristotelian physics—it outshines everything since the rise of Christianity and reduces the Renaissance and Reformation to the rank of mere episodes, mere internal displacements within the system of medieval Christendom...."Few revolutions in science have immediately excited so much general notice as the introduction of the theory of oxygen ...Lavoisier saw his theory accepted by all the most eminent men of his time, and established over a great part of Europe within a few years from its first promulgation." In the 19th century, William Whewell described the revolution in science itself—the scientific method—that had taken place in the 15th–16th century.
The Scientific Revolution was a series of events that marked the emergence of modern science during the early modern period, when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology (including human anatomy) and chemistry transformed the views of society about nature.