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AB 517 Amends the State Comprehensive Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Prevention Education Act that authorizes school districts to provide sexual health education that include HIV/AIDS prevention education.
Requires district that elect to provide education taught by outside consultants, or elect hold to an assembly to deliver such education by guest speakers, to request written permission from a pupil's parent or guardian.
Though the teen birth rate has declined to its lowest levels since data collection began, the United States still has the highest teen birth rate in the industrialized world.
Roughly one in four girls will become pregnant at least once by their 20th birthday.
Also provides that professional learning and in-service training may include programs on sexual abuse and assault awareness and prevention.
HB 459 / SB 395 Amends existing sexuality health education law to specify additional requirements for information that helps students form healthy relationships and communication skills, as well as critical thinking, decision making and stress management skills, and encourages students to communicate with adults.
Provides that a student may be excused from the portion of a program or class upon written request by the student's parent or guardian.
Human papillomavirus is the most common STI among teens; some estimates find that up to 35 percent of teens ages 14 to 19 have HPV.
Creates additional requirements for sex education, including teaching the benefits of delaying sexual activity and stressing importance of using effective contraceptives to prevent unintended pregnancy, HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Requires the Department of Education, among other things, to develop list of appropriate curricula and create rules for instructor qualifications.
Girls age 15 to 19 have the highest rates of Gonorrhea and the second highest rate of Chlamydia of any age group.
Young males also get STIs, but their infections often are undiagnosed and unreported because they are less likely to have symptoms or seek medical care.